Sunday, October 7, 2012
Tuesday, September 18, 2012
Thesis for each section:
Forest Primeval to Park Avenue: The introduction of an Interoceanica Highway would accelerate the process of transporting Mahogany, therefore providing a more substantial economy for Peru.
Road or not a Road? : Ted Conover digs into the ancient discoveries of certain “pathways” that explain the definition of a road now, such as the connection provided for trade.
Slipping From Shangri-La: The construction of a connecting road between Reru and Leh provides an opening of the world but it could also give away access for tourists to invade physically and mentally the village of Reru.
Road Ecology: Ted Conover argues that as population grows and roads are built everywhere, animals in their habitat are suffering from invasion, therefore accusing roads of deteriorating nature.
Chapter Two “Slipping from Shangri-La” rhetorical modes used:
Narration Conover applies detailed narration to explain his terrifying experience crossing the chaddar frozen river accompanied with several Zankarsi brave and young teenagers seeking for an education in a so called boarding school, which can only be reached by walking the 40 mile walk over the instable ice between the George (two rocky mountains edging the river, one on each side, all throughout the travel) to arrive at a more substantial city called Leh. Description: He describes how this villagers try (or are pushed) to open themselves to a more connected world, which has only been spoken to them before. He also describes how they walked on the ice, with short but fast steps, all in a single line first directed by the one-eyed expert. He describes the rocky goerge walls to each side of the chaddar, and how the leader hugged one to pass trhough a narrow edge of ice without falling to the “very, very cold” water. Definition: He provides some history of the first western traveler known to go through the chaddar. He defines the people and their culture as well. Argument: Conover estimates the advantages and disadvantages of a built road connecting Raru to Leh. Even though expert advice affirmed it is nearly impossible due to the lack of available time for construction during the year. Conover agreed that change might not be for the better, and questioned the benefits a road would bring to such a paradise like Reru. In the nexus “road ecology” following Chapter Three, he further explains how roads can be dangerous to the world, to what’s left of its pure nature. He complained about the resources animals are forced to live without because of roads intersection. Exemplification: he gives examples of how the roads are degrading the quality of life of Nature itself, mentioning a story of a toad his son and himself returned to the wild, he found it dead on the street closer to the place where they had left it, a car had killed him; as Conover himself has killed many other animals and species unintentionally. He also quotes other experts like Helena Norberg-Hodge’s on her book to support the idea of damage. Cause/Effect: What is causing the young villagers to leave their families is called motivation, the idea of being someone important, and the idea of meeting the world. The outcomes, accompanying an education are rather different for each and every one of them. They might become doctors or engineers, they might come back home or they might not. The necessities of a built road connecting Reru to Leh are proportional to the desires of the villagers and outsiders. The effect on the other hand, could be quite damaging when it comes to tourists invading the peaceful mindset that villagers are so focused on, such as they religion and culture. Compare/Contrast: he compares the reasoning of people he talks to, for example: the girls and boys traveling with him. How two of the girls see it as an exciting adventure while another one is upset with the idea of leaving; and how the boys are more focused on being engineers supervising “roads” constructions. He compares the technical views of different characters about the construction of the road; he contrasts the religious and conservative views (people fearing for the loss of their own culture) with the hopeful and enriching views (people agreeing with the necessity to a connection with the world, a connection to different cultures). Other comparisons are made about the rich and the poor, and the summer and the winter. Division/classification: at a lower level he divides figuratively Reru from Leh; and at a higher level, he divides Zankar from Europe as in two different worlds within themselves. Process Analysis: gives a full view of how the teen villagers are set to go through the chaddar and how they manage to support themselves as they go through it, how they step on the ice, and how they take care of each other, keeping themselves warm.